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Coronavirus – A large family of viruses that are common in people and many different species of animals. 

SARS-CoV-2 – Abbreviation for the name give to the new coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2). It is a new strain, not previously identified in humans.

COVID-19 – Abbreviation for the disease caused by the novel (or new) coronavirus. 

Social Distancing – Measures intended to limit the movement of people in order to interrupt the transmission of infectious, contagious diseases. 

Isolation – Separates sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick.  

Quarantine – Separates and restricts the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick.  

Community Spread – When people have been infected with the virus in an area and some are not sure how or where they became infected.  

Epidemic – Affecting or tending to affect a disproportionately large number of individuals within a population, community or region at the same time. 

Pandemic – Occurring over a wide geographic area and affecting an exceptionally high proportion of the population.

Community Mitigation –  Community mitigation is a set of actions that people and communities can take to slow the spread of infectious diseases like COVID-19.

Antibodies –  When you are infected with a virus or bacteria, your immune system makes antibodies specifically to fight it. Your immune system can also safely learn to make antibodies through vaccination.


Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Merriam-Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary